Breakwaters, Revetments and Marine Structures

Breakwaters often form a large part of the capital costs of port projects. Breakwaters and revetments furthermore provide the main protection of a port or land area against extreme wave conditions and are therefore essential to perform as anticipated.
The design of such structures should therefore be reliable and sufficiently stable, while the costs should be minimized as well. This requires proper and in-depth knowledge on the latest design techniques and extensive experience to obtain the most effective design.
We have in-depth knowledge of port breakwater and sea defence designs such as dynamically stable breakwaters (like berm breakwaters), concrete element breakwaters and rock breakwaters.


Due to our cooperation with experienced senior engineers, experts like Prof. Jentje van der Meer and recently educated staff, different alternative design options are always considered during our design studies to obtain the best effective design, which sometimes means a complete out-of-the-box design alternative.
Design studies are always performed in accordance with the international design standards and the latest information and technologies.
Furthermore it is very important, not only to design according to the latest theories and standards to obtain a design ‘according to the books’, but to focus on the local hydraulic conditions (for construction), available construction material, and the expected equipment to be used.
A design should not only be functional on paper, it should also enable to construct properly and in accordance with the given criteria and tolerances under local circumstances. Therefore, a practical design which can be constructed in time and where the quality of construction can easily be obtained, is preferred over a design which only provides a low bill of quantities. Especially now, the construction costs, constructibility, and time for construction become more and more important on the total costs and feasibility of a project.


CDR provides the following services:

  • Breakwater design:
    We do not only look at the conventional designs, but also newly developed materials and construction techniques. Where considered efficient and operationally viable, we will consider alternatives with geo-synthetics, e.g. dedicated geotube and geocontainer systems to reduce core materials in breakwaters, groynes and revetments.
  • Breakwater optimization design:
    Optimization of breakwater structures and marine structures to reduce the construction costs, improve construction methodologies and find an optimum balance between costs, time, risk and maintenance.
  • 2D and 3D physical model testing:
    Breakwater and revetment designs are finally optimized and verified by means of 2D and 3D physical model testing.
    CDR has performed several of such studies, successfully optimizing the design and increasing the functionality of the structure, and hence has experience with several laboratories in Europe and China to perform such physical model tests.
    During the tests we focus on further optimization of designs and correct representation of the reality in the model. Focus on the constructibility in reality starts already with the model testing, involvement of a contractor is therefore preferred to investigate the possibility to obtain same quality of construction in reality as in the model testing.
  • In particular CDR can assist in preparations of the model testing:
    • Finding a suitable laboratory
    • Supervising the model testing (including further optimization of the structure)
    • Interpreting and presenting the results in reporting and PowerPoint presentations. The quality and reliability of the model testing is double-checked to obtain the required results
  • Cost optimization:
    We advise clients by independent third party reviews on cost optimization by involvement of world-leading experts in breakwater design, highly experienced construction experts and senior works managers in combination with desk optimization studies.

Breakwaters, Revetments and Marine Structures Projects

Benin – Port Autonome de Cotonou – Specialist Services related to the Occurring Damage at the Breakwater Head

Costa Rica – APMT – Revetment Review Moín Container Terminals

Bangladesh – Sinohydro – Value Engineering River Training Works Padma Multipurpose Bridge

Guatemala – Port Authority Quetzal – Improvement Infrastructure Port Quetzal Breakwaters

Liberia – Environmental Protection Agency – Completion New Kru Town Revetment

Benin – Bellsea Ltd. [DEME group] – Marine Studies Lac Marin à Siafato East of Cotonou

UAE – Overseas AST – Dubai Creek Harbour Development

Netherlands – The Hague Port – Port Study for Finish Volvo Ocean Race 2018

Sri Lanka – CHEC – Colombo Port City Development / QA/QC Site Support and Supervision

Sri Lanka – CCCC SDC – Morphological Modelling of 2018 CPC Monsoon

Nigeria – Dangote – Supervision Sandbar Breakwater

Costa Rica – APMT – Port Moin Breakwater Design Review

Pakistan – CHEC – Value Engineering Breakwater Hub

UAE Abu Dhabi – Overseas AST Company – Arzanah Temporary Port Design

Myanmar – CHEC – Value Engineering Yangon Offshore Fixed Pilot Station

Netherlands – The Hague Port – Breakwater Health Scan ®

Dubai UAE – Overseas AST – Bluewaters Island Design Breakwater

Sri Lanka – Ministry of Fisheries / ADB – Fishery Harbour Review

Saudi Arabia – Van Oord – Ras al Khair Value Engineering

Thailand – CHEC – Tender Support Thepha Power Plant Project

Georgia – APMT – Poti Port Master Plan Review

Nigeria – Dangote – 3D Model Test of Breakwater Design

South East Asian Port – QAQC Support & Chinapode Placement Supervision

Netherlands – VolkerInfra – Sedimentation and Erosion Calculations Houtribdijk

Tanzania-Marine Vision-Beach Protection Design of Mtoni Marine Hotel

Bangladesh – Government of Bangladesh / HaskoningDHV – Coastal Embankment Improvement Project Phase 1 (CEIP-1)

United Kingdom – Bontrup – Breakwater Swansea Bay Tidal Lagoon

Sri Lanka – RHDHV – Bridge Approach Road Dikkowita Fishery Harbour

South-east Asia – Investigation and Design Study of Revetment Remediation Works, including 2D Physical Model Testing

Nigeria – NPA – Condition Survey of Koko Port Sheet Piles

Ghana – CHEC – Tema Port Development

Uruguay – DEME – Value Engineering Breakwater LNG Terminal Marine Scope

Nigeria – OrleansInvest-Prodeco – FS Badagry Port Development and Sandbar Breakwater Design

Nigeria – NNPC – Project Management and Technical Support Gas Revolution Industrial Park (GRIP)

Sri Lanka – FHEC – Port City Colombo – Stability of Construction Works during Monsoon Period

Israel-PMEC-Ashdod-Hadarom Port Project

Sri Lanka – CHEC – Design Review Colombo Port City

Nigeria – Dangote – Lekki RO-RO Jetty Detailed Design

Sri Lanka – CHEC – Colombo Port City – 2D Physical Model Testing

Abu Dhabi – Al Masaood & Sons – Development Support Crablocks Artificial Armouring

Sri Lanka – CHEC – Port City Colombo – Value Engineering

Sri Lanka – CHEC – Hambantota Port – Artificial Island Design

Nigeria – Port Notel – Feasibility Study for Deep Sea Port

Nigeria – SENL – Lagos State Groyne Construction Project – Review of Adopted Design

Nigeria – SENL – Eko Atlantic – Canal Entrance and Outlet Consultancy Services

Nigeria – Nigerian Port Authority – Ibom Deep Sea Port – Advisory Consultancy

The Gambia – NIRAS/UNDP – Coastal Protection Project